Staff

 

 

Personal Information
 
 
General Information  
 
 
    Efraim Lev

  Professor

  Head of Department

 
 
Contact Information  
 
Office :   Room 206, Taub Building

 

Telephone : 972-(0)4-829-3507

 

E-mail :  huelev@tx.technion.ac.il

 

Office hours :

 

 
Studies  
 

B.A. (Cum Laude), Bar-Ilan University, Deps. of Land of Israel Studies and Life Sciences (June 1989

M.Sc., Bar-Ilan University, Dep. of Life Sciences  (June 1993)

Ph.D., Bar-Ilan University, Dep. of Land of Israel Studies (June 1999)

Post doc (Research Associate) Wellcome Trust Centre for the History of Medicine at UCL (2000-2001)

 
Courses taught  
 
 The Cairo Genizah and its Historical Contribution
 
 History of Medicine and Medicinal Substances
 
 
Books published  
 

 E. Lev and M.E. Kislev, The Subsistence and the Diet of the “Neanderthal” Man in Kebara Cave, Mt. Carmel,

Tel-Aviv: The Israeli Society for Protection of Nature and Yad Hanadiv. 1993. Hebrew. (63 pages).

Z. Amar and E. Lev, An Historical Survey of Medicinal Substances of the al-Sham Region During the Middle Ages (640-1517 AD).

 Tel-Aviv: Eretz publication, 1999. Hebrew/English, (66 pages).

 Z. Amar, E. Lev and J. Swartz (Eds.), Medicine in Jerusalem Throughout the Ages,

Tel-Aviv: Eretz publication 1999. Hebrew/English. (210 pages).

Z. Amar and E. Lev, Physicians, Drugs and Remedies  in Jerusalem from the 10th-18th Centuries.

Tel-Aviv: Eretz publication, 2000. Hebrew. (320 pages).

E. Lev, Medicinal Substances of the Medieval Levant.

 Tel-Aviv: Eretz publication, 2002. Hebrew. (380 pages).

E. Lev and Z. Amar, Ethnic Medicinal Substances of the Land of Israel.

 Tel-Aviv: Eretz and Jerusalem: Yerid-Hasefarim. 2002, Hebrew, (330 pages).

E. Lev, Medicinal Substances in Jerusalem from Early Times to Present Day.

Oxford: Archeopress, 2003 (BAR International Series 1112). (150 pages).

Y. Perry and E. Lev, Modern Medicine in the Holy Land, Pioneering British Medical Services in Late Ottoman Palestine.

London: I.B. Tauris, (2007) (260 pages).

E. Lev and Z. Amar, Practical Materia Medica of the Medieval Eastern Mediterranean According to the Cairo Genizah.

Leiden: Brill (2008) (670 pages).

E. Lev and L. Chipman, Medical Prescriptions in the Cambridge Genizah Collections: Practical Medicine and Pharmacology in Medieval Egypt

Leiden: Brill  (2012) (187 A4 pages).

 

 

 
Articles in Refereed Journals  
E. Lev and Z. Amar, “Medical Materials and Their Use in Israel and Syria in the Middle Ages 7th-16th Centuries”, Et Hadat (1997) 1:112-115. (Hebrew).
Z. Amar and E. Lev, "Traditional Medicinal Substances in 19th Century Jerusalem According to Titus Tobler", Harefua (2000) 138:604-607 (Hebrew)

E. Lev, “The Medicinal uses of Animals and their Products in the Medieval Levant”,

Harefua (2000) 139: 483-487. (Hebrew).

E. Lev and Z. Amar, "Ethnopharmacological Survey of Traditional Drugs Sold in Israel at the End of the 20th Century",

Journal of Ethnopharmacology, (2000) 72:191-205.

E. Lev, “The Use of Clay and Earth as Food and Medicine in the Land of Israel and Syria During the Middle Ages”,

Korot (2001) 15:7-19 (Hebrew).

E. Lev, “The Galilee, Mt. Hermon and Mt. Lebanon as a main source of mineral medical substances during the Middle Ages”,

Horizons in Geography (2001) 53:113-127 (Hebrew).

E. Lev and Y. Perry, “Historical evidence of the beginning of modern medicine in the Holy Land:

“List of medicinal preparations found in stores and dispensary on July 21st 1857”, Harefua (2001) 140(11): 1109-1112. (Hebrew).

E. Lev, "Reconstructed materia medica of the Medieval and Ottoman al- Sham”, Journal of Ethnopharmacology (2002) 80:167-179.   

E. Lev and E. Dolev, "Use of Natural Substances in the Treatment of Renal Stones and other Urinary Disorders in the Medieval Levant",

American Journal of Nephrology (2002) 22:172-179.

E. Lev and Y. Perry, “The 1857 Inventory of Materia Medica of the British Hospital in Jerusalem”, Pharmaceutical Historian (2002) 32(3):40-45.

E. Lev, “The Doctrine of Signature in the Medieval and Ottoman Levant”, Vesalius (2002) VII,1,1-2:1-10.

E. Lev, "Evidences to the use of Doctrine of Signature in the Middle Ages Land of Israel",

Harefua (2002) 141(7):651-655. (Hebrew).

E. Lev and Z. Amar, "Ethnopharmacological Survey of Traditional Drugs Sold in the Kingdom of Jordan",

Journal of Ethnopharmacology (2002) 82(2-3):131-145.

Z. Yaniv,  D. Granot, E. Lev and D. Schafferman “Biodiversity and Uses of White Mustard (Sinapis alba) Native to Israel as a Plant with Economic Potential",

Journal of Herbs, Spices and Medicinal Plants (2002) 9(4):319-327.

Y. Perry and E. Lev, “The Medical Activities of the London Jews' Society in Nineteenth Century Palestine”, Medical History, (2003) 47:67-88.

E. Lev, “Medicinal Exploitation of Inorganic Substances in the Levant in the Medieval and Early Ottoman Periods”, Adler Museum Bulletin, (2002) 28(2,3):11-16.

E. Lev, “Traditional Healing with Animals (Zootherapy): Medieval to Present-day Levantine Practice”,

Journal of Ethnopharmacology (2003) 85:107-118.

 A. Dafni and E. Lev, “The Doctrine of Signature in Present-Day Israel”, Journal of Economic Botany (2003) 56(4):328-334.

Y. Perry and E. Lev, “Medical activities of the British Mission to the Jews in 19th century Jerusalem”,

Korot (2003) 16:51-66. (Hebrew).

E. Lev; K. Ohry-Kossoy and A. Ohry, "Langerhans in the Middle East: More about the discoverer of the pancreatic islets", Vesalius (2003) 9:19-21.

E. Lev and Z. Amar, “The Turning Point from an Archaic Arab Medical System to an Early Modern European System in Jerusalem According to the Swiss Physician Titus Tobler (1806-1877)”,

 Canadian Bulletin for the History of Medicine (2004) 21:159-180.

E. Lev, “The Contribution of the Turkish Physician, Daud al-Antaki, (16th Century) to the Research of Medieval Medical Substances in al-Sham”,

Turkish Journal of Medical Ethics, Law and History (2005) 13:74-80.

E. Lev, “The Contribution of the Sixteenth-Century Turkish Physician, Daud al-Antaki to the Research of Medical Substances in Use in the Levant (Bilad al-Sham)”,

Jerusalem and the Land of Israel (2004) 2:77-94 (Hebrew).

E. Lev and Y. Perry, "Dr. Thomas Chaplin, Scientist and Scholar in the Nineteenth-century Palestine", Palestine Exploration Quarterly (2004) 136(2):151-162.

E. Lev, M.E. Kislev and O. Bar-Yosef, “Mousterian Vegetal Food in Kebara Cave, Mt. Carmel”,

Journal of Archeological Sciences (2005) 32:475-484.

A. Dafni, S. Levey, E. Lev, "The Ethnobotany of Christ's Thorn Jujube (Ziziphus spina-christi) in Israel",

Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine (2005) 1(8):1-11.

A. Dafni, E. Lev, and S. Levey, "The Ethnobotany of Christ's Thorn Jujube (Ziziphus spina-christi) in Israel",

Horizons in Geography (2008) 71:82-94 (Hebrew).

A. Moussaieff, E. Frede, Z. Amar, E. Lev, D. Steinberg, R. Galily and R. Mechuolam, "The Jerusalem Balsam: From the Franciscan Monastery in the old city of Jerusalem to Martindale 33",

 Journal of Ethnopharmacology (2005) 101:16-26.

L. Chipman and E. Lev, "Syrup from the Apothecary's shop: A Genizah Fragment Containing one of the Earliest Manuscripts of Minhaj al-dukkan",

 Journal of Semitic Studies (2006) 50: 137-167.

Z. Amar and E. Lev, "An Early Glimpse at Western Medicine in Jerusalem 1700-1840: The Case of the Jews and the Franciscans' Medical Activity",

 Vesalius (2005) 11:81-87.

E. Lev, "Ethno-diversity within current ethno-pharmacology as part of Israeli traditional medicine – A review",

Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine (2006) 2:4 (1-12).

E. Lev, "Healing with Animals in the Levant from the 10th to 18th Century", Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine (2006) 2(11):1-11.

A. Dafni, E. Lev, S. Beckman and C. Eichberger, "Ritual plants of Muslims’ graveyards in northern Israel",

Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine (2006), 2(38):1-27.

Y. Perry, E. Lev, "Ernest William Gurney Masterman, British Physician and Scholar in the Holy Land”,

Palestine Exploration Quarterly (2006) 132:133-146.

E. Lev and Z. Amar, "Reconstruction of the Inventory of Materia Medica used by Members of the Jewish Community of Medieval Cairo According to Prescriptions Found in the Taylor-Schechter Genizah Collection, Cambridge",

Journal of Ethnopharmacology, (2006) 108:428-444.

E. Lev, "Drugs Held and Sold by Pharmacists of the Jewish Community of Medieval (11th -14th centuries) Cairo According to Lists of Materia Medica Found at the Taylor-Schechter Genizah Collection, Cambridge",

Journal of Ethnopharmacology (2007), 110:275-293.

Y. Perry and E. Lev, "Dr Walter Henry Anderson (1869-1937) the Holy Man of Safed", Vesalius 2007 (13):4-9.

Y. Perry and E. Lev, "Three Generations of British Physician in Jerusalem: Internal Conflict Regarding Their Professional Identity",

Korot (2006) 18:67-90.

E. Lev, L. Chipman, "A Fragment of Judeo-Arabic Manuscripts of Sābūr Ibn Sahl al-Aqrābādhīn al-Şaghīr Found in the Taylor-Schechter Cairo Genizah Collection",

Medieval Encounter (2007) 13:347-362.

E. Lev and Z. Amar, "Practice Versus Theory: Medieval Materia Medica According to the Cairo Genizah", Medical History (2007) 51:507-526.

Z. Amar and E. Lev, "The Significance of the Genizah's Medical Documents for the Study of Medieval Mediterranean Trade",

Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient, (2007) 50:524-541.

E. Lev and Y. Perry, "Dr Edward Macgowan, a Long-term Pioneer Physician in Mid-nineteenth Century Jerusalem: Founder and Director of the First Modern Hospital in the Holy Land",

Journal of Medical Biographies (2008) 16:52-56.

E. Lev, L. Chipman, F. Niessen "A Hospital Handbook for the Community:

Evidence for the Extensive Use of  Ibn Abī 'l-Bayān’s al-Dustūr al-bīmāristānī by the Jewish Practitioners of Medieval Cairo",

Journal of Semitic Studies (2008) 53:103-118.

L. Chipman and E. Lev, "Take a Lame and Decrepit Hyena… A Genizah Study of Two Additional Fragments of Manuscripts of Sābūr Ibn Sahl al-Aqrābādhīn al-Şaghīr ",

Early Science and Medicine (2008) 13:361-383.

Y. Perry and E. Lev, "Dr. Percy Charles Edward d'Erf Wheeler (1859-1944): A Notable Medical Missionary of the Holy Land",

Journal of Medical Biographies (2008) 16:105-108.

E. Lev and F. Niessen, "Addenda to Isaacs Catalogue ‘Medical and Para-medical Manuscript in the Cambridge Genizah Collection Together with the Edition of Two Medical Documents T-S 12.33 and T-S NS 297.56",

Hebrew Union College Annual  (2008) 77:131-165.

E. Lev, and Z. Amar, "'Fossils' of Practical Medical Knowledge from Medieval Cairo", Journal of Ethnopharmacology (2008) 119:24-40.

E. Lev, "Medieval Egyptian Judaeo-Arabic Prescriptions (and Edition of Three Medical Prescriptions)",

Journal of Royal Asiatic Society (2008) 18(4): 449-464.

U. Mayer-Chissick and E. Lev, "A covenant of salt:  Salt as a Major Food Preservative in the Historical Land of Israel",

Food & History 2008 5(2): 9-39.

E. Ben-Arye, E. Schiff,  K. Karkabi, and E. Lev, "Attitudes of Patients with Diabetes to Complementary Medicine in Israel: A Cross-Cultural Perspective",

The Journal of  Alternative and Complementary  Medicine (2009) 15:211-212.

A. Geva-Kleinberger and E. Lev, "Language Passivity in the Medical Arabic and Judaeo-Arabic Prescriptions of the Cairo Genizah",

Journal of Semitic Studies (2009), 54: 435-458.

Z. Amar, E. Lev, and Y. Serry, "Ibn Rushd on Galen and the new drugs spread by the Arabs", Journal Asiatique (2009) 297:83-101.

E. Lev, "Healing with Minerals and Inorganic Substances: A Review of Levantine Practice from the Middle Ages to the Present Day",

International  Geological Reviews (2010), 52:700-725.

E. Ben-Arye, E. Lev, Y.  Keshet, E. Schiff, "Integration of herbal medicine in primary care in Israel: A Jewish-Arab cross-cultural perspective",

eCAM (Evidence Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine) 2009 1: 1-7.

E. Lev, L. Chipman and F. Niessen, "Chicken and Chicory are Good for You: A Unique Family Prescription from the Cairo Genizah (T-S NS 223.82–83)",

Jerusalem Studies in Arabic and Islam (2008), 35:335-352.

Y. Serry, E. Lev, "A Judaeo-Arabic fragment of Ibn-Biklārish's Kitāb al-Mustaʿīnī, part of a unique 12th-century tabular medical book found in the Cairo Genizah (T-S Ar.44.218)",

Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society (2010), 20:407-440.

E. Ben-Arye, Z. Traube, L. Schachter, M. Haimi, M. Levy, E. Schiff, E. Lev, “Stepping into integrative pediatric care: Parents’ attitudes toward communication of physicians and complementary medicine practitioners”,

Pediatrics (2011), 127:84-95.

U. Mayer-Chissick and E. Lev, "Food preservation: trends in food surplus management in the Medieval Levant"

Jerusalem and Eretz Israel (2011), 7:87-120. (Hebrew).

E. Ben-Arye, E. Lev, E. Schiff, “Complementary Medicine Oncology Research in the Middle-East: Shifting from Traditional to Integrative Cancer Care”,

European Journal of Integrative Medicine (2011), 3: 29–37.

E. Ben-Arye, E. Schiff,  E. Hassan, K. Mutafoglu, S. Lev-Ari, M. Steiner, O. Lavie, A. Polliack, M. Silbermann, E. Lev, 

“Integrative Oncology in the Middle East: from Traditional Herbal Knowledge to Contemporary Cancer Care”, Annals of Oncology (2011) 23:211-221.

E. Lev,   M. Ephraim, E. Ben-Arye, "European and Oriental Mistletoe: From Mythology to Contemporary Integrative Cancer Care",

European Journal of Integrative Medicine (2011), 3: 133-137.  

E. Lev, "A Catalogue of the Medical and Para-Medical Manuscripts in the Mosseri Genizah Collection, together with several unpublished examples (X.37; I.124.2)",

 Journal of Jewish Studies (2011), 62:121-145.

Z. Amar, E. Lev, "Watermelon, Chate Melon and Cucumber: New Light on Traditional and Innovative Field Crops of the Middle Ages",

 Journal Asiatique (2011), 299.1: 193-204.

L. Chipman, E. Lev, “Arabic Prescriptions from the Cairo Genizah”, Asian Medicine (2011), 6:75-94.

I. Botnick, W. Xue, E. Bar, M. Ibdah, A. Schwartz, D.M. Joel, E. Lev, A. Fait, E. Lewinsohn, “Distribution of primary and specialized metabolites in Nigella sativa a spice with vast traditional and historical uses”,

Molecules (2012), 7: 10159-10177.

H. Paris, Z. Amar, E. Lev, “Medieval Emergence of Sweet Melons, Cucumis melo (Cucurbitaceae)",

Annals of Botany (2012), 110: 23-33.  

H. Paris, Z. Amar, E. Lev, "Medieval History of the Duda'im Melon (Cucumis melo, Cucurbitaceae)",

Economic Botany (2012), 66: 276-284.  

 
 

 

 
Accepted for Publication

E. Lev, and Z. Amar, "A Medieval Judaeo-Arabic Glossary of Drug's Names in the Taylor-Schechter Genizah Collection, Cambridge”,

Journal of Semitic Studies (2012) [15 pages].

E. Ben-Arye, M. S. Ali-Shtayeh, M. Nejmi, E. Schiff, E. Hassan,  K. Mutafoglu, F. Afifi, R.M. Jamous, E. Lev, M. Silbermman,

“Integrative oncology research in the Middle-East: Weaving traditional and complementary medicine in supportive care”,

Supportive Care in Cancer (2012) [20 pages].

Z. Amar, E. Lev, and Y. Serry, "On Ibn Juljul and the meaning and importance of the *list of medicinal substances not mentioned by Dioscorides*",

Journal of Royal Asiatic Society (2012) [25 pages].

E. Lev and R. Smithuis, "A Preliminary Catalogue of the Medical and Para-Medical Manuscripts in the Rylands Genizah Collection, Together With the Partial Edition of Two Medical Fragments (B 3239 and A 589)",

Journal of Semitic Studies (2012) [30 pages].

Z. Amar, E. Lev, “Trends in the Use of Perfumes and Incense in the Near East After the Muslim Conquests”,

Journal of Royal Asiatic Society (2012) [20 pages].

E. Ben-Arye, E. Schiff, K. Karkabi, Y. Keshet, E. Lev, “Exploring association of spiritual perspectives with complementary medicine use among patients with type 2 diabetes in Israel”,

Ethnicity and Health (2012) [15 pages].

E. Lev, “Mediators between Theoretical and Practical Medieval Knowledge: 

Medical Notebooks from the Cairo Genizah and their SignificanceMedical History (2013) [20 pages].

A. Ashur, E. Lev, “New Genizah Documents: Three Fragments on Practical Medicine in Medieval Egypt”,

Ginzie Qedem (2013) [15 pages].

 
 
Chapters in Scientific Books :  
 

 E. Lev, “Medical Materials in Jerusalem During the 10th-18th Centuries” in: Z. Amar, E. Lev and J. Shwartz (eds.),

Medicine in Jerusalem Throughout the Ages. Tel-Aviv: Eretz publication, 1999. pp. 51-78. (Hebrew).

E. Lev, "Trade of Medical Substances in the Medieval and Ottoman Levant (Bilad Al-Sham)", in: Y. Lev (ed.),

Towns and Material Culture in the Medieval and Middle East. Leiden: Brill, 2002. pp. 159-183.

E. Lev and E. Dolev, “Use of Natural Substances in the Treatment of Renal Stones and other Urinary Disorders in the Medieval Levant”,

History and Nephrology 4, G. Eknoyan, N.G. De-Santo, S.M. Shasha, G. Bellinghieri, V. Savica and S.G. Massry (Eds), Basel: Karger, 2002. pp. 76-83.

E. Lev, "Ethnopharmacology in Israel and Neighboring Countries" in R. Pretorius (ed.) Trends and Developments in Ethnopharmacology

Kerala, India: Research Signpost, 2008. pp. 35-71. (INVITED CHAPTER).

 E. Lev, "Eastern Mediterranean pharmacology and India trade as a background for Yemeni medieval medicinal plants in: H. Schoenig, and  I. Hehmeyer (eds.) with the collaboration of A. Regourd Herbal Medicine in Yemen:

Traditional Knowledge and Practice, and Their Value for Today's World, Brill, Leiden, 2012.n pp. 21-42.  (INVITED CHAPTER).

Research interests :

 
 
 History of medicine
Ethnopharmacology
Ethnobotany
 Medicine of the Genizah people

 

 Back to Staff home page

 Back to Department of Humanities & Arts home page